China factory Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Parts Used for Machinery with high quality

Product Description

Your customized parts,Customized solutions
Company profiles
We established in 2571 year, named Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Tongyong Machinery Company. In 2019 renamed HangZhou Hejess Machinery Co.,Ltd and established new plants. 
We are mainly engaged in the designing and manufacturing of steel machinery components and non-standard machinery parts, including shafts, flange, gears, rings, sheaves, couplings, bearing supports,  and forgings etc.

Production Parameter
 

  • Material: Alloy steel,Carbon steel,Carburizing steel,Quenched and tempered steel
  • Heat treatment: Normalizing,Annealing,Quenching&Tempering,Surface Quenching, Induction hardening
  • Machining: CNC Turning,CNC Milling,CNC Boring,CNC Grinding,CNC Drilling
  • Gear Machining: Gear Hobbing,Gear Milling,CNC Gear Milling,Gear Cutting,Spiral gear cutting,
  • Gear Cutting
  • Inspection: Chemical Composition Test,Ultrasonic Test,Penetration Test,Radiographic Test,

Magnetic Test,Tensile Strength Test,Impact Test,Hardness Test,Dimension Test.

We can provide forging from 1kg to 5Ton. And make precison machining. Also have welding and assembly capabilities.

Quality Control
Product quality is what we are paying great attention to all the time. Each product is produced under careful control at every process and inspected by experienced engineers strictly according to the related standards and customer requirements, ensuring the super performance of our goods when arrive at customer.
Ø Production Flow Chart
1, Order Analyzing
    Know requirements of raw material, chemical composition, Mechanical properties.
    Analyzing how to forging and how to make heat treatment.
2, Raw material.
    Use which raw material, plate, round bar, steel ingot.
   According your parts, choose the best cost performance one.
   If you required special material, will customized from steel factory.
   Customized raw material according your requirments.
3, Forging
    Make forging process chart and forging form
    Make forging drawing
    Make 3D drawing
    Make forging mould
4, Pre –  forging
5, Finish – forging
Natural gas heating furnaces are monitored and controlled by computer programs to ensure precise heating within set time and temperature range as required.
A broad range of forging equipment,including friction press, hudraulic hammer, forging hammers.With the aids od intelligent software,proper deformation,forging ration,ingot size and weight,forging tooling and equipment will be determined to ensure the wrought structure through hout and sound quality.
6, Pre- machining
7, Make UT (ultrasonic) inspection.
8, Make heat treatment
9, Inspect hardness and mechanical properties.
10, Make precision machining / finished machining.
      Use CNC machining center, CNC milling, CNC boring, CNC grinding
11, Inspect dimenssions.
12, Protecting and packing.

Main market :  America, Australia, Malaysia,Israel,Britain, Russia,Canada, ect.

Services : The services we can provide are : FOB, CIF, DAP. Only give me the drawings and requirements, you will receive the goods at your home.
 Wehas accumulated rich knowledge and experience in the producing and exporting. Familar every process, when metting problems, be able to find a solution timely.

Excellent service attitude, fast reaction speed, on-time delivery, consciousness of responsibility and flexibility is what we are practicing from the very beginning, combining with high credit, competitive price, close interaction with customer and innovative way of working, make us win more and more business and excellent customer satisfaction.
To choose us, HangZhou CZPT Machinery, as your business partner, never will you find you are wrong!

PRODUCTION DETAILS

Technology : Free forging / Open forging / Die forging / closed forging / Impression die forging / Flashless forging / multi-ram forging / multidirectional die forging / precision forging / croe forging / combination forging / extrusion forging / roll forging / reducer rolling / ring rolling /  open die forging / flat die forging / loose tooling forging
Material Standard : ISO / DIN / W-Nr / BS / EN / ASTM / ASME / AISI / UNS / SAE / JIS / SS/ NF / GOST / OCT / GB
Material Type: Austenilic Ni-Cr Stainless Steel / Austenitic Alloy Steel / Austenitic Stainless Stee / Axle Shaft Steel /  Bar Steel / Bearing Steel / Bolting Steel / Carbon And Low-Alloy Steel Vessels / Carbon Steel / Carbon Tool Steel /  Carbon-Containing Alloy Steel / Case-Hardened Steel / Cast Steel / Cast-Steel Pipe / Centrifugal Steel / Centrifuge(D) Steel / Channel Steel  / Chilled Hardened Steel / Chrome Hardened Steel / Chrome-Carbon Steel  / Chrome-Molybdenum Steel  / Chrome-Nickel Steel / Closed Die Steel / Coating Steel Pipe / Die Steel / Drawing Steel / Extra-High-Tensile Steel / Fabricated Steel /  Ferritic Stainless Steel  / Ferritic Steel / Figured Steel / Fine Steel / Flange Steel / Groove Steel / Hard Alloy Steel /  High Alloy Steel / High Boron Steel / High Carbon Steel / High Chrome Alloy Steel / High Manganese Steel / High Nickel-Chrome Steel

 

Show the production process as below photos:

Our Products Catalogue
 

Products Catalogue
Item Application Technical Material Picture Market
1 Lift Rod Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Australia
2 Eccentric shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Britain
3 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
4 Spindle Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Germany
5 Step shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Peru
6 Long shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Ukraine
7 Big head shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Israel
8 Hollow shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Custom Alloy steel Singapore
9 Zinc plating flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Zinc plating Alloy steel Australia
10 Spline shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Singapore
11 Gear Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Surface Quenching Alloy steel Russia
12 Gear Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Russia
13 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
14 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
15 Half ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
16 Cylinder Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Iran
17 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
18 Groove ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
19 Flange shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
20 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
21 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
22 Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
23 Square flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA    Britain 
24 Nut Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
25 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
26 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
27 Forks Wire cutting – heat treatment – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
28 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
29 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
30 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China factory Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Parts Used for Machinery     with high qualityChina factory Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Parts Used for Machinery     with high quality

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